Rosette (Vardyak) is a traditional Armenian design element, which goes back to the ancient images of the flower of life on the petroglyphs of the Armenian Highland.
In the pre-Christian times, this ornament, in its multiple variations, symbolized the star of eternity, the Sun, which ascends and descends, akin to a flower, opens and closes, dies and arises again each new day. The traces of old beliefs related to the significance of flowers can often be found in their folk names like immortelle, everlasting. The Armenian culture in general is amazingly rich in floral imagery. No wonder, medieval Armenian miniature painters were called tsakhkogh, meaning “the one who embellishes in flowers.” Tsakhkazard, literally “adorned in flowers,” is also the name of one of the most beloved spring feasts, which marks the Lord’s entrance into Jerusalem (Palm Sunday).
From times immemorial, the floral designs could be found in décor all over the area, whether in the medieval manuscripts, or banners and emblems of noble families, or even on kitchenware, such as glazed pots. Yet, the most exquisite floral motifs appear in the medieval Armenian stone carvings, where rosettes became a prominent element.